The rich history of Santorini dates back to antiquity, and archaeological findings of immense importance attest to that. Perhaps the most prominent such evidence, Akrotiri, the ruins of a highly advanced civilization that perished under the volcanic lava, rightfully earns the title of the Mediterranean Pompeii. More remnants of archaic Santorini, Ancient Thera on top of Mesa Vouno is worth a visit not just for its significance but also to enjoy the same breath-taking views the first inhabitants of Santorini enjoyed many centuries ago. Admire findings from Akrotiri, Ancient Thera and other locations of Santorini in the Museum of Prehistoric Thera at Fira, and the Archaeological Museum of Santorini.
As for the famous “kastelia” of Santorini, the medieval castle-like fortifications that sheltered the locals from pirate attacks, they are truly must-visits. Of the initial five, the ones at Pyrgos and Emporio are the best preserved, evocative remnants of medieval Santorini. Of the kastelia of Oia and Akrotiri only parts of the main watchtower - the “Goulas" - still stand, and as for Skaros at Imerovigli, nothing is left but the history and a few worn paths leading to the top of the rock with the awe-inspiring views. A glorious past that lives on forever.